ისტორია [istoria]  history
If Georgia has anything, it is history, infinite and complicated. Like the history of any country that is both old and small, this history is fairly grim. Its origins lie in the distance of time, in a pre-Christian, pre-Georgian kingdoms where we come across names, the ancient Colchians and Diaokhi, with an eternally living culture. The western world certainly got to know of Georgia through the Argonauts, which was in fact not the most ancient period for Georgian history.
The very ling chain of Georgia’s history gives us a picture of a prolonged battle to consolidate its people, and to defend this consolidated nation: in parallel with questions of life, creation, building, writing, dreaming.
Georgia could never be anything but an easy small target for the biggest empires, but the country always managed to escape and free itself, find a breathing space, peace, and create freedom for a greater Georgia, as it became in the twelfth century, the kingdom’s golden era. The period of the Georgian renaissance, marked by great art and the reign of Queen/King Tamar, was created by King David the Builder’s enormous efforts and battles.
The fight for independence was crowned in 1918 by the first republic, which Georgia declared when the Russian empire, in disarray, was dissolved. After three years this freedom was swallowed up by Red Russia, and only at the end of the twentieth century did Georgia once more find itself on the path to freedom.
History, naturally, does not stop there.