დმანისის ადამიანი [dmanisis adamiani] Dmanisi hominins
Georgian and German archaeologists excavating the ancient Georgian city of Dmanisi found two skulls of a distant ancestor of Homo sapiens.
These skulls prove that humanity’s ancestors migrated from Africa and reached the southern Caucasus before moving on to the heart of Europe. This is why scientists call these finds the oldest human beings in Europe.
For other reasons too, Dmanisi has been singled out by archaeologists. The area has been studied since 1936. In 1991 Dmanisi became the sight of a sensational discovery. Here was discovered the lower jaw of the oldest hominid. In 2000 skulls were found as well as the jaw. This find attracted the world’s media: from CNN to Le Figaro everyone focussed on Dmanisi.
The discovery gave scientists the evidence needed to research the population 1.8 million years ago. So far five such skulls have been found at Dmanisi. These discoveries have confirmed that the Dmanisi finds are the oldest in the world, except for examples found in Africa.
The skull of a Dmanisi Homo erectus is particularly important and distinct. The Dmanisi hominin was more primitive than any Homo erectus found in Asia, apart from the African specimens.